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Inclusion of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, and intersex health in Australian and New Zealand medical education

journal contribution
posted on 2017-08-01, 00:00 authored by Asiel Adan Sanchez, Erica Southgate, Gary RogersGary Rogers, Robbert J Duvivier
Purpose: This study aims at establishing the scope of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and intersex (LGBTQI) health in Australian and New Zealand medical curricula.

Methods: We sent medical school curriculum administrators an online cross-sectional survey.

Results: The response rate was 15 medical schools (71%): 14 Australian schools and 1 New Zealand school. Respondents included program directors (n = 5; 33%), course coordinators (n = 4; 27%), Heads of School (n = 2; 13%), one Dean (7%), and three others (20%). Most schools (n = 9; 60%) reported 0–5 hours dedicated to teaching LGBTQI content during the required pre-clinical phase; nine schools (60%) reported access to a clinical rotation site where LGBTQI patient care is common. In most schools (n = 9; 60%), LGBTQI-specific content is interspersed throughout the curriculum, but five schools (33%) have dedicated modules. The most commonly used teaching modalities include lectures (n = 12; 80%) and small-group sessions (n = 9; 60%). LGBTQI content covered in curricula is varied, with the most common topics being how to obtain information about same-sex sexual activity (80%) and the difference between sexual behavior and identity (67%). Teaching about gender and gender identity is more varied across schools, with seven respondents (47%) unsure about what is taught. Eight respondents (53%) described the coverage of LGBTQI content at their institution as “fair,” two (13%) as “good,” and two (13%) as “poor,” with one respondent (7%) describing the coverage as “very poor.” None of the respondents described the coverage as “very good.”

Conclusions: Currently, medical schools include limited content on LGBTQI health, most of which focuses on sexuality. There is a need for further inclusion of curriculum related to transgender, gender diverse, and intersex people.



LGBT Health






295 - 303


Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Publishers


New Rochelle, N.Y.







Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2017, Mary Ann Liebert