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Increased cortical surface area but not altered cortical thickness or gyrification in bipolar disorder following stabilisation from a first episode of mania
journal contributionposted on 2023-03-06, 23:06 authored by TE Van Rheenen, SM Cotton, O Dandash, RE Cooper, E Ringin, R Daglas-Georgiou, K Allott, Y Chye, C Suo, C Macneil, M Hasty, K Hallam, P McGorry, A Fornito, M Yücel, C Pantelis, Michael BerkMichael Berk
Background: Despite reports of altered brain morphology in established bipolar disorder (BD), there is limited understanding of when these morphological abnormalities emerge. Assessment of patients during the early course of illness can help to address this gap, but few studies have examined surface-based brain morphology in patients at this illness stage. Methods: We completed a secondary analysis of baseline data from a randomised control trial of BD individuals stabilised after their first episode of mania (FEM). The magnetic resonance imaging scans of n = 35 FEM patients and n = 29 age-matched healthy controls were analysed. Group differences in cortical thickness, surface area and gyrification were assessed at each vertex of the cortical surface using general linear models. Significant results were identified at p < 0.05 using cluster-wise correction. Results: The FEM group did not differ from healthy controls with regards to cortical thickness or gyrification. However, there were two clusters of increased surface area in the left hemisphere of FEM patients, with peak coordinates falling within the lateral occipital cortex and pars triangularis. Conclusions: Cortical thickness and gyrification appear to be intact in the aftermath of a first manic episode, whilst cortical surface area in the inferior/middle prefrontal and occipitoparietal cortex is increased compared to age-matched controls. It is possible that increased surface area in the FEM group is the outcome of abnormalities in a premorbidly occurring process. In contrast, the findings raise the hypothesis that cortical thickness reductions seen in past studies of individuals with more established BD may be more attributable to post-onset factors.
JournalProgress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry
Bipolar disorderFreesurferLithiumNeurodevelopmentNeuroprogressionQuetiapineSurface-based morphologyHumansBipolar DisorderManiaPrefrontal CortexMagnetic Resonance ImagingOccipital LobeCerebral CortexBrain DisordersSerious Mental IllnessMental HealthNeurosciencesMental healthMedical and Health SciencesPsychology and Cognitive SciencesClinical Sciences not elsewhere classifiedNeurosciences not elsewhere classified