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Increased pulmonary secretion of tumor necrosis factor-∝ in calves experimentally infected with bovine respiratory syncytial virus

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Version 1 2017-05-17, 14:25
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-04, 06:31 authored by CM Røntved, K Tjørnehøj, B Viuff, LE Larsen, DL Godson, L Rønsholt, Soren AlexandersenSoren Alexandersen
Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) is an important cause of respiratory disease among calves in the Danish cattle industry. An experimental BRSV infection model was used to study the pathogenesis of the disease in calves. Broncho alveolar lung lavage (BAL) was performed on 28 Jersey calves, of which 23 were experimentally infected with BRSV and five were given a mock inoculum. The presence of the cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) in the BAL fluids was detected and quantified by a capture ELISA. TNF-alpha was detected in 21 of the infected animals. The amount of TNF-alpha in the BAL fluid of calves killed post inoculation day (PID) 2 and 4 was at the same very low level as in the uninfected control animals. Large amounts of TNF-alpha were detected on PID 6, maximum levels of TNF-alpha were reached on PID 7, and smaller amounts of TNF-alpha were seen on PID 8. The high levels of TNF-alpha appeared on the days where severe lung lesions and clinical signs were obvious and the amounts of BRSV-antigen were at their greatest. Although Pasteurellaceae were isolated from some of the BRSV-infected calves, calves treated with antibiotics before and through the whole period of the infection, as well as BRSV-infected calves free of bacteria reached the same level of TNF-alpha as animals from which bacteria were isolated from the lungs. It is concluded that significant quantities of TNF-alpha are produced in the lungs of the calves on PID 6-7 of BRSV infection. The involvement of TNF-alpha in the pathogenesis of, as well as the anti-viral immune response against, BRSV infection is discussed.

History

Journal

Veterinary immunology and immunopathology

Volume

76

Pagination

199-214

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Open access

  • Yes

ISSN

0165-2427

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2000, Elsevier Science B.V.

Issue

3-4

Publisher

Elsevier