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Individual differences in children's suggestibility : a comparison between intellectually disabled and mainstream samples

journal contribution
posted on 2003-07-01, 00:00 authored by K Young, Martine Powell, P Dudgeon
This study examined whether age, gender, intelligence, communication ability and shyness predict intellectually disabled children’s susceptibility to an interviewer’s misleading suggestions. Further, the study examined whether the relative influence of these factors differs between intellectually disabled and mainstream samples. Participants included 75 children with mild and borderline intellectual disabilities (aged 77–158 months) and 83 mainstream children (aged 68–152 months). All children were individually administered the Yield and Shift subscales of the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale (Form 2) as well as standardised measures of IQ, shyness and communication ability. For the intellectually disabled children, multiple regression analyses revealed that age, IQ and communication inversely predicted Yield suggestibility, however, none of the factors predicted Shift suggestibility. For the mainstream children, age made a significant independent contribution to both Yield and Shift suggestibility, while IQ was a significant predictor of Shift suggestibility. When comparing the relative impact of these factors across the samples, age had a significantly greater impact on mainstream (compared with intellectually disabled) children’s Shift suggestibility, while IQ had a significantly greater influence on intellectually disabled (compared with mainstream) children’s Yield scores. These findings highlight the limited generalisability of previous findings involving mainstream children’s suggestibility to intellectually disabled samples.


History

Journal

Personality and individual differences

Volume

35

Issue

1

Pagination

31 - 49

Publisher

Elsevier Science

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

0191-8869

eISSN

1873-3549

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2002, Elsevier Science Ltd.