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Infant formula feeding practices associated with rapid weight gain: A systematic review

journal contribution
posted on 01.07.2018, 00:00 authored by Jessica Appleton, Georgie RussellGeorgie Russell, Rachel LawsRachel Laws, Cathrine Fowler, Karen CampbellKaren Campbell, Elizabeth Denney-Wilson
Excess or rapid weight gain during the first 2 years of life is associated with an increased risk of later childhood and adult overweight and obesity. When compared with breastfed infants, formula fed infants are more likely to experience excess or rapid weight gain, and this increased risk in formula fed infant populations may be due to a number of different mechanisms. These mechanisms include the nutrient composition of the formula and the way formula is prepared and provided to infants. This systematic literature review examines the association between formula feeding practice and excess or rapid weight gain. This review explores these different mechanisms and provides practical recommendations for best practice formula feeding to reduce rapid weight gain. Eighteen studies are included in this review. The findings are complicated by the challenges in study design and accuracy of measurements. Nevertheless, there are some potential recommendations for best practice formula feeding that may reduce excess or rapid weight gain, such as providing formula with lower protein content, not adding cereals into bottles, not putting a baby to bed with a bottle, and not overfeeding formula. Although further well designed studies are required before more firm recommendations can be made.

History

Journal

Maternal & Child Nutrition

Volume

14

Issue

3

Article number

e12602

Pagination

1 - 14

Publisher

Wiley

Location

London, Eng.

ISSN

1740-8695

eISSN

1740-8709

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2018, Wiley