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Inflammatory diet and preclinical cardiovascular phenotypes in 11-12 year-olds and mid-life adults: a cross-sectional population-based study

journal contribution
posted on 01.06.2019, 00:00 authored by Addison Davis, Richard Liu, Jessica A Kerr, Melissa Wake, Anneke Grobler, Markus Juonala, Mengjiao Liu, Louise Baur, David Burgner, Kate LycettKate Lycett
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Pro-inflammatory diet may be a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We examine associations of two inflammatory diet scores with preclinical cardiovascular phenotypes at two life course stages. METHODS: Participants: 1771 children (49% girls) aged 11-12 years and 1793 parents (87% mothers, mean age 43.7 (standard deviation 5.2) years) in the Child Health CheckPoint Study. MEASURES: 23 items in the Australian National Secondary Students' Diet and Activity (NaSSDA) survey were used to derive two inflammatory diet scores based on: 1) published evidence of associations with C-reactive protein (literature-derived score), and 2) empirical associations with CheckPoint's inflammatory biomarker (glycoprotein acetyls, GlycA-derived score). Cardiovascular phenotypes assessed vascular structure (carotid intima-media thickness, retinal vessel calibre) and function (pulse wave velocity, blood pressure). ANALYSES: Linear regression models were conducted, adjusted for age, sex, socioeconomic position and child pubertal status, plus a sensitivity analysis also including BMI (z-score for children). RESULTS: In adults, both inflammatory diet scores showed small associations with adverse cardiovascular function and microvascular structure. Per standard deviation higher GlycA-derived diet score, pulse wave velocity was 0.17  m/s faster (95% CI 0.11 to 0.22), mean arterial pressure was 1.85  mmHg (1.34-2.37) higher, and retinal arteriolar calibre was 1.29 μm narrower (-2.10 to -0.49). Adding BMI to models attenuated associations towards null. There was little evidence of associations in children. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support cumulative adverse effects of a pro-inflammatory diet on preclinical cardiovascular phenotypes across the life course. Associations evident by mid-life were not present in childhood, when preventive measures should be instituted.

History

Journal

Atherosclerosis

Volume

285

Pagination

93 - 101

Publisher

Elsevier

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

eISSN

1879-1484

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2019, Elsevier B.V.