Deakin University

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Inhibition of Apoptosis Signal-Regulating Kinase 1 Attenuates Myocyte Hypertrophy and Fibroblast Collagen Synthesis

journal contribution
posted on 2019-03-01, 00:00 authored by W Yang, B H Wang, I Wang, L Huang, Feby SaviraFeby Savira, A Kompa, B M Jucker, R N Willette, D Kelly, H Krum, Z Li, Q Fu
Background: Cardiac remodelling is a dynamic process whereby structural and functional changes occur within the heart in response to injury or inflammation. Recent studies have demonstrated reactive oxygen species sensitive MAPK, apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) plays a critical role in cardiac remodelling. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of small molecule ASK1 inhibitors on these processes and their therapeutic potential. Methods: Neonatal rat cardiac fibroblasts (NCF) were pre-treated with ASK1 inhibitors, G2261818A (G226) and G2358939A (G235), for 2 hours before stimulated with 100 nM angiotensin II (AngII), 10 μM indoxyl sulphate (IS) or 10 ng/ml transforming growth factor β 1 (TGFβ 1 ) for 48 hours. Neonatal rat cardiac myocytes (NCM) were pre-treated with G226 and G235 for 2 hours before being stimulated with 100 nM AngII for 60 hours, 10 μM IS, 10 ng/ml interleukin 1β (IL-1β) or tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα) for 48 hours. 3 H-proline and 3 H-leucine incorporation was used to assess collagen turnover and hypertrophy, respectively. Pro-fibrotic, pro-hypertrophic and THP-1 inflammatory cytokine gene expressions were determined by RT-PCR. Results: Both G226 and G235 dose-dependently attenuated AngII-, IS-, IL-1β- and TNFα-stimulated NCM hypertrophy and hypertrophic gene expression, IS-, AngII- and TGFβ 1 -stimulated NCF collagen synthesis and AngII- and TGFβ 1 -stimulated pro-fibrotic gene expression. Inhibition of ASK1 by G226 and G235 inhibited lipopolysaccharides-stimulated inflammatory cytokine gene expression in THP-1 cells. Conclusions: Selective ASK1 inhibition confers anti-hypertrophic and anti-fibrotic effects in cardiac cells, and anti-inflammation in monocytic cells. ASK1 inhibitors may represent novel therapeutic agents to alleviate cardiac remodelling post cardiac injury where hypertrophy, fibrosis and inflammation play critical roles.



Heart Lung and Circulation






495 - 504





Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal