Deakin University
turner-inhibitionofthe-1999.pdf (185.01 kB)

Inhibition of the secretion of LH in ovariectomised pigs by sustained but not repeated acute elevation of cortisol in the absence but not the presence of oestradiol

Download (185.01 kB)
Version 2 2024-06-03, 13:38
Version 1 2016-01-19, 15:27
journal contribution
posted on 1999-12-01, 00:00 authored by Anne TurnerAnne Turner, P H Hemsworth, B J Canny, A J Tilbrook
Prolonged stress is known to impair reproduction. It has been proposed that reproduction will also be impaired when a severe acute stress occurs during a period of elevated plasma concentrations of oestradiol, such as during the follicular phase of the oestrous cycle. In this experiment, we hypothesised that repeated acute and sustained elevation of cortisol would suppress the secretion of LH in ovariectomised pigs and that these effects would be enhanced in the presence of oestradiol negative feedback. Cortisol (or vehicle) was administered 12 hourly to ovariectomised pigs (n=6/treatment) for 8 days in the absence of oestradiol treatment and for a further 8 days during treatment with oestradiol. Vehicle was administered to 'control' pigs, 10 or 20 mg cortisol was administered i.v. to pigs to produce 'repeated acute' elevation of cortisol and 250 mg cortisol was administered i.m. to pigs to give a 'sustained' elevation of cortisol. Both before and during treatment with oestradiol, plasma concentrations of LH were monitored on the day before treatment, on the 4th and 8th days of treatment and following an i.v. injection of GnRH at the end of the 8th day of treatment. The repeated acute elevation of cortisol did not impair any parameters of LH secretion (i.e. mean plasma concentrations of LH, pulse amplitude or frequency, pre-LH pulse nadir or the LH response to GnRH) in the absence or in the presence of oestradiol. In contrast, when the elevation of cortisol was sustained, the mean plasma concentrations of LH and the pre-LH pulse nadir were significantly (P<0.05) lower on the 8th day of treatment than on the day before treatment and on the 4th day of treatment. Nevertheless, no other parameters of LH secretion were affected and these effects only occurred in the absence (not in the presence) of oestradiol. In conclusion, cortisol needed to be elevated for more than 4 days to impair the secretion of LH, and oestradiol did not enhance the impact of cortisol on LH secretion in ovariectomised pigs.



Journal of endocrinology






477 - 486


Society for the Study of Reproduction


New York, N.Y.





Publication classification

C Journal article; C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

1999, Society for the Study of Reproduction