Deakin University

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Integrating blue: How do we make nationally determined contributions work for both blue carbon and local coastal communities?

journal contribution
posted on 2023-10-23, 02:35 authored by A M Dencer-Brown, R Shilland, D Friess, D Herr, L Benson, N J Berry, M Cifuentes-Jara, P Colas, E Damayanti, E L García, M Gavaldão, G Grimsditch, A P Hejnowicz, J Howard, S T Islam, H Kennedy, R R Kivugo, J K S Lang’at, C Lovelock, R Malleson, Peter MacreadiePeter Macreadie, R Andrade-Medina, A Mohamed, E Pidgeon, J Ramos, M Rosette, M M Salim, E Schoof, B Talukder, T Thomas, M A Vanderklift, M Huxham
Blue Carbon Ecosystems (BCEs) help mitigate and adapt to climate change but their integration into policy, such as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), remains underdeveloped. Most BCE conservation requires community engagement, hence community-scale projects must be nested within the implementation of NDCs without compromising livelihoods or social justice. Thirty-three experts, drawn from academia, project development and policy, each developed ten key questions for consideration on how to achieve this. These questions were distilled into ten themes, ranked in order of importance, giving three broad categories of people, policy & finance, and science & technology. Critical considerations for success include the need for genuine participation by communities, inclusive project governance, integration of local work into national policies and practices, sustaining livelihoods and income (for example through the voluntary carbon market and/or national Payment for Ecosystem Services and other types of financial compensation schemes) and simplification of carbon accounting and verification methodologies to lower barriers to entry.







1978 - 1993


Berlin, Germany







Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal