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Integrating personality and social networks: a meta-analysis of personality, network position, and work outcomes in organizations

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journal contribution
posted on 2015-08-01, 00:00 authored by R Fang, B Landis, Z Zhang, M H Anderson, Jason Shaw, M Kilduff
Using data from 138 independent samples, we meta-analytically examined three research questions concerning the roles of personality and network position in organizations. First, how do different personality characteristics—self-monitoring and the Big Five personality traits—relate to indegree centrality and brokerage, the two most studied structurally advantageous positions in organizational networks? Second, how do indegree centrality and brokerage compare in explaining job performance and career success? Third, how do these personality variables and network positions relate to work outcomes? Our results show that self-monitoring predicted indegree centrality (across expressive and instrumental networks) and brokerage (in expressive networks) after controlling for the Big Five traits. Self-monitoring, therefore, was especially relevant for understanding why people differ in their acquisition of advantageous positions in social networks. But the total variance explained by personality ranged between 3% and 5%. Surprisingly, we found that indegree centrality was more strongly related to job performance and career success than brokerage. We also found that personality predicted job performance and career success above and beyond network position and that network position partially mediated the effects of certain personality variables on work outcomes. This paper provides an integrated view of how an individual’s personality and network position combine to influence job performance and career success.

History

Journal

Organisation science

Volume

26

Issue

4

Pagination

1243 - 1260

Publisher

Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences

Location

Providence, R.I.

ISSN

1047-7039

eISSN

1526-5455

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal; C Journal article

Copyright notice

2015, INFORMS

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