File(s) not publicly available
Interaction between ultra-processed food intake and genetic risk score on mental health and sleep quality
journal contributionposted on 2023-02-16, 00:59 authored by MM Hajmir, F Shiraseb, Sara EbrahimiSara Ebrahimi, S Noori, R Ghaffarian-Ensaf, K Mirzaei
Purpose: Mental health and sleep quality are associated with genetics and nutrient and energy intake. The present study examined the association between ultra-processed food (UPF) intake and genetic risk score (GRS) and their interactions on mental health and sleep quality in Iranian women. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 278 overweight and obese females aged between 18 and 56 years. According to the NOVA classification system, 37 food groups and beverages were collected using a 147-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). The blood parameters of all participants were assessed. Mini-column kit (type G; Genall; Exgene) and the PCR–RFLP method were used to extract DNA and determine gene polymorphism, respectively. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), including Caveolin_1 (Cav_1), Melanocortin4 receptor (MC4R), and cryptochrome circadian regulator 1 (CRY1), were used to calculate GRS. The individual risk allele (0, 1, 2) for each SNP was calculated using the incremental genetic model. Results: After controlling for confounders, a significant interaction was found for depression (β = 0.026, 95% CI 0.003, 0.049, P = 0.028) and depression anxiety stress scales (DASS) score (β = 0.059, 95% CI 0.001, 0.117, P = 0.046) on the NOVA classification system and GRS. Conclusions: The findings of this study showed a significant interaction between GRS and the NOVA classification system on mental disorders, including depression, DASS score and stress. There was also a significant relationship between the NOVA classification system and anxiety, DASS score, sleep quality and depression. Furthermore, a partially significant association was observed between GRS and stress. Level of evidence: Level V, cross-sectional descriptive study.
JournalEating and Weight Disorders
Publication classificationC1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
Caveolin_1Cryptochrome circadian regulator 1Genetic risk scoreMelanocortin4 receptorUltra-processed foodsHumansFemaleAdolescentYoung AdultAdultMiddle AgedFood, ProcessedCross-Sectional StudiesSleep QualityMental HealthIranFast FoodsRisk FactorsDietClinical ResearchDepressionNutritionBehavioral and Social SciencePreventionSleep ResearchGeneticsMental health3 Good Health and Well BeingClinical Sciences not elsewhere classifiedPsychology not elsewhere classified