Intra-household evaluations of alcohol abuse in men with depression and suicide in women: A cross-sectional community-based study in Chennai, India
journal contributionposted on 2015-07-11, 00:00 authored by Adyya GuptaAdyya Gupta, B Priya, J Williams, M Sharma, R Gupta, D K Jha, S Ebrahim, P K Dhillon
Background: Harmful effects of alcohol abuse are well documented for drinkers, and adverse effects are also reported for the physical and emotional well-being of family members, with evidence often originating from either drinkers or their families in clinic-based settings. This study evaluates intra-household associations between alcohol abuse in men, and depression and suicidal attempts in women, in community-based settings of Chennai, India. Methods: This community-based cross-sectional study of chronic disease risk factors and outcomes was conducted in n = 259 households and n = 1053 adults (aged 15 years and above) in rural and urban Chennai. The Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) score was used to classify alcohol consumption into 'low-risk', 'harmful', 'hazardous' and 'alcohol dependence' drinking and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) score to classify depression as 'mild', 'moderate', 'moderate-severe' and 'severe'. Multivariate logistic regression models estimated the association of depression in women with men's drinking patterns in the same household. Results: A significant 2.5-fold increase in any depression (PHQ-9 ≥ 5) was observed in men who were 'alcohol-dependent' compared to non-drinkers (OR = 2.53; 95 % CI: 1.26, 5.09). However, there was no association between men's drinking behavior and depression in women of the same household, although suicidal attempts approached a significant dose-response relationship with increasing hazard-level of men's drinking (p = 0.08). Conclusion: No significant intra-household association was observed between men's alcohol consumption and women's depression, though an increasing (non-significant) trend was associated with suicidal attempts. Complex relationships between suicidal attempts and depression in women and male abusive drinking require further exploration, with an emphasis on intra-household mechanisms and pathways.
JournalBMC Public Health
Pagination1 - 10
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Publication classificationC1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice2015 Gupta et al.
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AlcoholDepressionNCDsIndiaSpouseSuicidal attemptScience & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicinePublic, Environmental & Occupational HealthPATIENT HEALTH QUESTIONNAIREPOPULATION-BASED SURVEYDEVELOPING-COUNTRIESGENDER-DIFFERENCEPHYSICAL VIOLENCEDOMESTIC VIOLENCEMAJOR DEPRESSIONPARTNER VIOLENCERISK-FACTORSDISORDERS