Deakin University
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Investigating the role of virtual reality in planning for sustainable smart cities

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Version 2 2024-05-30, 10:41
Version 1 2017-12-04, 15:01
journal contribution
posted on 2024-05-30, 10:41 authored by E Jamei, M Mortimer, M Seyedmahmoudian, Ben HoranBen Horan, A Stojcevski
© 2017 by the authors. With rapid population growth, urban designers face tremendous challenges to accommodate the increasing size of the population in urban areas while simultaneously considering future environmental, social, and economic impacts. A "smart city" is an urban development vision that integrates multiple information and communication technologies to manage the assets of a city, including its information systems, transportation systems, power plants, water supply networks, waste management systems, and other community services provided by a local department. The goal of creating a smart city is to improve the quality of life of citizens by using technology and by addressing the environmental, social, cultural, and physical needs of a society. Data modeling and data visualization are integral parts of planning a smart city, and planning professionals currently seek new methods for real-time simulations. The impact analysis of "what-if scenarios" frequently takes a significant amount of time and resources, and virtual reality (VR) is a potential tool for addressing these challenges. VR is a computer technology that replicates an environment, whether real or imagined, and simulates the physical presence and environment of a user to allow for user interaction. This paper presents a review of the capacity of VR to address current challenges in creating, modeling, and visualizing smart cities through material modeling and light simulation in a VR environment. This study can assist urban planners, stakeholders, and communities to further understand the roles of planning policies in creating a smart city, particularly in the early design stages. The significant roles of technologies, such as VR, in targeting real-time simulations and visualization requirements for smart cities are emphasized.



Sustainability (Switzerland)



Article number

ARTN 2006


Basel, Switzerland





Publication classification

C Journal article, C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2017, The Authors