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Investigation of crystallization and salt formation of poorly water-soluble telmisartan for enhanced solubility

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Version 2 2024-06-06, 01:48
Version 1 2019-04-11, 15:27
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-06, 01:48 authored by Chulhun Park, Nileshkumar M Meghani, Yongkwan Shin, Euichaul Oh, Jun-Bom Park, Jing-Hao Cui, Qing-Ri Cao, Thao Truong-Dinh Tran, Phuong Ha-Lien Tran, Beom-Jin Lee
The crystal changes and salt formation of poorly water-soluble telmisartan (TEL) in various solvents were investigated for enhanced solubility, stability and crystallinity. Polymorphic behaviors of TEL were characterized by dispersing in distilled water, acetone, acetonitrile, DMSO, or ethanol using Method I: without heat and then dried under vacuum at room temperature; and Method II: with heat below boiling temperature, cooled at 5 °C, and then dried under vacuum at 40 °C. For salt formation (Method III), the following four powdered mixtures were prepared by dispersing in solution of hydrochloric acid (HCl) (pH 1.2), TEL/HCl; in simulated gastric fluid (pH 1.2 buffer), TEL/simulated gastric fluid (SGF); in intestinal fluid (pH 6.8 buffer), TEL/simulated intestinal fluid (SIF); or in NaOH (pH 6.8), TEL/NaOH, respectively, and then dried under a vacuum at room temperature. The structures of powdered mixtures were then studied using a field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), FTIR, ¹H nuclear magnetic resonance (¹H-NMR), and LC⁻MS. The solubility of TEL in powdered forms was performed in pH 6.8, pH 1.2, and distilled water. No polymorphic behaviors of TEL were observed in various solvents as characterized by FESEM, DSC, PXRD, and FTIR. However, the structural changes of powdered mixtures obtained from Method III were observed due to the formation of salt form. Moreover, the solubility of salt form (TEL/HCl) was highly increased as compared with pure TEL. There were no significant changes of TEL/HCl compared with TEL in the content assay, PXRD, DSC, and FTIR during stressed storage conditions at 40 °C/75% relative humidity (RH) for 4 weeks under the closed package condition. Therefore, the present study suggests the new approach for the enhanced stability and solubility of a poorly water-soluble drug via salt form.

History

Journal

Pharmaceutics

Volume

11

Location

Basel, Switzerland

Open access

  • Yes

ISSN

1999-4923

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2019, The Authors

Issue

3

Publisher

MDPI