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Ion interactions and dynamics in pseudohalide based ionic liquid electrolytes containing sodium solutes

journal contribution
posted on 01.04.2020, 00:00 authored by Matthias HilderMatthias Hilder, T Pointu, Haijin Zhu, M Armand, Patrick HowlettPatrick Howlett, Maria ForsythMaria Forsyth
© 2020 Sodium batteries have been identified as a promising, inexpensive technology for future energy storage applications. However, while an optimum electrolyte is key to a high performance device, sodium electrolytes are still at an early stage of development. Recently we explored the cycling behavior of a series of electrolytes based on a readily available dicyanamide-based ionic liquid with various sodium salts added based on fluorinated anions in order to improve sodium electrochemistry. Herein we focus on the structure and ion dynamics in the bulk electrolyte. Electrolyte solutions of 1-methyl,1-propyl pyrrolidinium dicyanamide (C3mpyDCA) and 1-methyl,1-butyl pyrrolidinium tricyanomethanide (C4mpyTCM) with various sodium salts were studied in order to understand the effect of solute anion on physicochemical behavior, in particular phase behavior, ion dynamics and inter-ionic interactions. For the DCA systems strong Na+-DCA− interactions dominate. The expectation that switching to the TCM anion would see a weakening in the electrostatic interactions (due to a higher degree of charge delocalization and larger size ion) was not observed. Indeed the TCM systems led to less salt solubility, lower ionic conductivity and greater deviation from the Walden ideal KCl line. We use infrared and NMR spectroscopies to investigate ion-ion interactions and it appears that the nitrile anion dominates the Na coordination environment for both DCA and TCM ionic liquid systems.

History

Journal

Journal of Molecular Liquids

Volume

303

Article number

112597

Pagination

1 - 7

Publisher

Elsevier

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

0167-7322

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal