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Ionic liquids and their solid-state analogues as materials for energy generation and storage

Version 2 2024-06-06, 03:04
Version 1 2017-04-06, 21:10
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-06, 03:04 authored by DR MacFarlane, Maria ForsythMaria Forsyth, Patrick HowlettPatrick Howlett, Mega KarMega Kar, S Passerini, Jenny PringleJenny Pringle, H Ohno, M Watanabe, F Yan, W Zheng, S Zhang, J Zhang
Salts that are liquid at room temperature, now commonly called ionic liquids, have been known for more than 100 years; however, their unique properties have only come to light in the past two decades. In this Review, we examine recent work in which the properties of ionic liquids have enabled important advances to be made in sustainable energy generation and storage. We discuss the use of ionic liquids as media for synthesis of electromaterials, for example, in the preparation of doped carbons, conducting polymers and intercalation electrode materials. Focusing on their intrinsic ionic conductivity, we examine recent reports of ionic liquids used as electrolytes in emerging high-energy-density and low-cost batteries, including Li-ion, Li–O2, Li–S, Na-ion and Al-ion batteries. Similar developments in electrolyte applications in dye-sensitized solar cells, thermo-electrochemical cells, double-layer capacitors and CO2 reduction are also discussed.

History

Journal

Nature Reviews Materials

Volume

1

Article number

ARTN 15005

Location

London, Eng.

ISSN

2058-8437

eISSN

2058-8437

Language

English

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2016 Macmillan Publishers

Issue

2

Publisher

NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP