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Is there a Kuznets’ process in Southeast Asia?

Version 2 2024-06-03, 14:58
Version 1 2015-07-24, 12:50
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-03, 14:58 authored by AJ Abdullah, Chris DoucouliagosChris Doucouliagos, Elizabeth ManningElizabeth Manning
Relatively little is known about the determinants of inequality in Southeast Asia. This paper fills this void by comprehensively testing Kuznets’ hypothesis for Southeast Asia. We estimate both unconditional and conditional Kuznets’ curves using panel data for 8 countries. The analysis suggests the existence of a Kuznets’ curve with respect to per capita income; the path of inequality is nonlinear with respect to economic development. There is no evidence of a Kuznets curve with respect to non-agricultural employment. There is some evidence in terms of urbanization, though this is not robust. There is robust evidence on the role of national governments and education in shaping the path of inequality in the region. Government involvement reduces inequality. Education appears to have a non-linear effect on inequality.

History

Journal

Singapore economic review

Volume

60

Article number

Article number: 1550017

Pagination

1-22

Location

Singapore

ISSN

0217-5908

eISSN

1793-6837

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article, C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2015, World Scientific

Issue

02

Publisher

World Scientific