evans-iyenfaryogaforyoung-2010.pdf (188.45 kB)
Download file

Iyengar yoga for young adults with rheumatoid arthritis: results from a mixed-methods pilot study

Download (188.45 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 05.05.2010, 00:00 authored by Subhadra EvansSubhadra Evans, M Moieni, R Taub, S K Subramanian, J C I Tsao, B Sternlieb, L K Zeltzer
CONTEXT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease that often impacts patient's quality of life. For young people with RA, there is a need for rehabilitative approaches that have been shown to be safe and to lead to improved functioning. OBJECTIVES: This pilot study investigated the feasibility of a single-arm, group-administered, six-week, biweekly Iyengar yoga (IY) program for eight young adults with RA. METHODS: IY is known for its use of props, therapeutic sequences designed for patient populations, emphasis on alignment, and a rigorous teacher training. Treatment outcomes were evaluated using a mixed-methods approach that combined quantitative results from standardized questionnaires and qualitative interviews with participants. RESULTS: Initial attrition was 37% (n=3) after the first week because of scheduling conflicts and a prior non-RA related injury. However, the remaining participants (n=5) completed between 75% and 100% of treatment sessions (mean=95%). No adverse events were reported. The quantitative results indicated significant improvements in pain, pain disability, depression, mental health, vitality, and self-efficacy. Interviews demonstrated improvement in RA symptoms and functioning but uncertainty about whether the intervention affected pain. CONCLUSION: These preliminary findings indicate that IY is a feasible complementary approach for young people with RA, although larger clinical trials are needed to demonstrate safety and efficacy.

History

Journal

Journal of pain and symptom management

Volume

39

Issue

5

Pagination

904 - 913

Publisher

Elsevier

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

0885-3924

eISSN

1873-6513

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article; C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2010, U.S. Cancer Pain Relief Committee