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Janus membrane with unparalleled forward osmosis performance

journal contribution
posted on 2019-02-12, 00:00 authored by S Zhou, F Liu, J Wang, H Lin, Q Han, Shuaifei ZhaoShuaifei Zhao, C Y Tang
We report the use of highly porous Janus membranes with unparalleled forward osmosis (FO) performance in terms of water flux and reverse salt flux. A porous Janus FO membrane, composed of a hydrophilic cellulose acetate layer and a hydrophobic polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) nanofiber layer, was fabricated by electrospinning. The resultant membrane exhibited outstanding FO performance, with a high water flux of 274.2 L m -2 h -1 and a low reverse salt flux of 1.65 g m -2 h -1 using 1 M NaCl draw solution. Different from the state-of-the-art thin film composite (TFC) membranes, the prepared Janus membrane demonstrates unparalleled FO performance via a nanofluidic diode model, whose high selectivity is determined by the air gap within the hydrophobic nanofiber layer that can effectively prevent the reverse salt diffusion. Wetting of the hydrophobic layer is the crucial issue in Janus FO membranes, which deserves further attention to extend the osmosis longevity.

History

Journal

Environmental science and technology letters

Volume

6

Issue

2

Pagination

79 - 85

Publisher

American Chemical Society

Location

Washington, D.C.

eISSN

2328-8930

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal