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K-ion and Na-ion storage performances of Co3O4-Fe2O3 nanoparticle-decorated super P carbon black prepared by a ball milling process

journal contribution
posted on 14.03.2017, 00:00 authored by Irin Sultana, Md Mokhlesur RahmanMd Mokhlesur Rahman, Srikanth Mateti, V G Ahmadabadi, Alexey Glushenkov, Ying (Ian) ChenYing (Ian) Chen
The hybridisation of Co3O4 and Fe2O3 nanoparticles dispersed in a super P carbon matrix is proposed as a favourable approach to improve the electrochemical performance (reversible capacity, cycling stability and rate capability) of the metal oxide electrodes in metal-ion batteries. Hybrid Co3O4-Fe2O3/C is prepared by a simple, cheap and easily scalable molten salt method combined with ball-milling and used in sodium-ion and potassium-ion batteries for the first time. The electrode exhibits excellent cycling stability and superior rate capability in sodium-ion cells with a capacity recovery of 440 mA h g-1 (93% retention) after 180 long-term cycles at 50-1000 mA g-1 and back to 50 mA g-1. In contrast, Co3O4-Fe2O3, Co3O4 and Fe2O3 electrodes display unsatisfactory electrochemical performance. The hybrid Co3O4-Fe2O3/C is also reactive with potassium and capable of delivering a reversible capacity of 220 mA h g-1 at 50 mA g-1 which is comparable with the most reported anode materials for potassium-ion batteries. The obtained results broaden the range of transition metal oxide-based hybrids as potential anodes for K-ion and Na-ion batteries, and suggest that further studies of these materials with potassium and sodium are worthwhile.

History

Journal

Nanoscale

Volume

9

Issue

10

Pagination

3646 - 3654

ISSN

2040-3364

eISSN

2040-3372

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2017, Royal Society of Chemistry