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Laboratory studies on the coupled oscillations between an internal density interface and a shear layer

journal contribution
posted on 2008-04-01, 00:00 authored by Lloyd ChuaLloyd Chua, E B Shuy
The results from experiments conducted in a 2m high flow compartment at large Reynolds numbers are reported in this paper. Flow entered the compartment through an opening at the base on one side of the compartment and exited from an opening at the bottom of the opposite wall of the compartment. A shear layer is formed at the boundary between the incoming flow and the ambient fluid in the compartment. The impingement of the shear layer on the opposite wall of the compartment gives rise to periodic vortex formation and highly organized oscillations in the shear layer. When a density interface is present inside the compartment, resonance conditions were set up when the oscillations of the internal standing waves were "locked in" with the shear layer oscillations. Under resonance conditions, internal standing waves with amplitudes of up to 0.1m were observed. The formation of the internal standing waves is linked to the shear layer oscillations. Resonance conditions result when the shear layer is oscillating close to the natural frequency of the stratified fluid system in the compartment. The results of this investigation are applicable for fresh water storage in floating bottom-opened tanks in the sea, where under resonance conditions, entrainment rates could be significantly increased. © 2008 ASCE.

History

Journal

Journal of Engineering Mechanics

Volume

134

Issue

4

Pagination

348 - 352

Publisher

American Society of Civil Engineers

ISSN

0733-9399

Publication classification

CN.1 Other journal article

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