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Life Cycle Assessment of Cold Spray Additive Manufacturing and Conventional Machining of Aluminum Alloy Flange

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-21, 06:49 authored by Dileep KumarDileep Kumar, Suresh Palanisamy, Kannoorpatti Krishnan, Md Morshed Alam
Cold spray additive manufacturing (CSAM) is generally used to repair worn components and build complex on-demand parts by depositing metal powder layer-wise using compressed air. Previous studies on CSAM were focused on printing parameters, materials properties, and printed part mechanical performance. However, the energy consumption and environmental impacts of CSAM processes have not yet been investigated, which are essential factors for sustainable manufacturing. This study aims to investigate the carbon footprint of the CSAM process and compare it with conventional machining processes and other additive manufacturing. The life cycle assessment methodology was followed to calculate the carbon footprint of a pipe flange, considering rod or tube as a feedstock. Results revealed that the machined flange from the tube had the lowest CO2-eq emissions of 31 kg CO2-eq due to low rough machining energy consumption and scrap production, compared to the machined flange from a rod and a printed flange from powder. Moreover, the life cycle carbon emissions increased by 8% and 19% in case of the printed and machined flanges, with uncertainties of 4% and 9%, respectively, when changing feedstock CO2 emissions. From a regional perspective, the CSAM process was responsible for the lowest CO2-eq emissions in Tasmania and South Australia.

History

Journal

Metals

Volume

13

Pagination

1684-1684

Location

Basel, Switzerland

Open access

  • Yes

ISSN

2075-4701

eISSN

2075-4701

Language

eng

Issue

10

Publisher

MDPI AG

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