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Lithium doped N-methyl-N-ethylpyrrolidiniumbis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide fast-ion conducting plastic crystals
journal contributionposted on 01.01.2000, 00:00 authored by Maria ForsythMaria Forsyth, J Huang, D MacFarlane
The incorporation of dopant levels of lithium ions (0.5 to 9.3% by mole) in the N-methyl-N-ethylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide (P12TFSA) plastic crystalline phase results in increases in the solid state ionic conductivity of more than 3 orders of magnitude at 298 K. Conductivities as high as 10−-4 S cm−1 at 323 K have been measured in these doped plastic crystal phases. These materials can therefore be classified as fast-ion conductors. Higher levels of Li only marginally increase the conductivity, up to around 33 mol%, followed by a slight decrease to 50 mol%. Thermal analysis behaviour has allowed the partial development of the binary phase diagram for the LiTFSA–P12TFSA system between 0–50 mol% LiTFSA, which suggests the presence of a solid solution single phase at concentrations less than 9.3 mol% LiTFSA. There is also strong evidence of eutectic behaviour in this system with a eutectic transition temperature around 308 K at 33 mol% LiTFSA. A model relating ionic conduction to phase behaviour in this system is presented. The increased conductivity upon doping has been associated with lithium ion motion via7Li solid state NMR linewidth measurements.