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Long-term results of the anterior Delorme's operation in the management of symptomatic rectocele

journal contribution
posted on 2005-02-01, 00:00 authored by S Abbas, I P Bissett, M E Neill, A K MacMillan, D Milne, B R Parry
PURPOSE: Although the results of surgery for symptomatic rectocele seem satisfactory initially, there is a trend toward deterioration with time. This study was designed to assess the long-term outcome of Anterior Delorme's operation for rectocele. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent to all females who had Anterior Delorme's operation performed in Auckland between 1990 and 2000. The questionnaires included obstructed defecation symptoms and a validated fecal incontinence severity index questionnaire and fecal incontinence quality of life questionnaire. Preoperative and postoperative obstructed defecation symptoms and incontinence score were compared. RESULTS: A total of 150 females (mean age, 56 (range, 30-83) years) who had an Anterior Delorme's operation for a rectocele were identified. One hundred seven patients (71.5 percent; mean age, 56 years) completed the questionnaire. Median follow-up was four (range, 2-11) years. The number of patients with obstructed defecation reduced from 87 preoperatively to 23 postoperatively using Rome II criteria (P < 0.0001). Postoperatively there was a reduction in the number of patients with each of the symptoms of obstructed defecation from 83 to 27 for straining, 87 to 33 for incomplete emptying, 64 to 14 for feeling of blockage, 41 to 10 for digitation (P < 0.0001 for all). The median incontinence score reduced from 20 of 61 preoperatively to 12 of 61 postoperatively (P = 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with symptomatic rectocele, Anterior Delorme's operation provides long-term benefit for patients with obstructed defecation and leads to a significant improvement of incontinence scores.

History

Journal

Diseases of the colon and rectum

Volume

48

Issue

2

Pagination

317 - 322

Publisher

Wolters Kluwer

Location

Philadelphia, Pa.

ISSN

0012-3706

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2005, The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons