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Mapping autism’s research landscape: trends in autism screening and its alignment with sustainable development goals

journal contribution
posted on 2024-03-13, 01:32 authored by Prema Nedungadi, Selina Marianna Shah, Mark StokesMark Stokes, Vinith Kumar Nair, Ajit Moorkoth, Raghu Raman
IntroductionAutism Spectrum Disorder is a complex neurodevelopmental syndrome that profoundly affects social interactions, communication, and sensory perception. The research traced the evolution of autism research from 2011-2022, specifically focusing on the screening and diagnosis of children and students.MethodsThrough an analysis of 12,262 publications using the PRISMA framework, bibliographic coupling, science mapping, and citation analysis, this study illuminates the growth trajectory of ASD research and significant disparities in diagnosis and services.ResultsThe study indicates an increasing trend in autism research, with a strong representation of female authorship. Open Access journals show a higher average citation impact compared to their closed counterparts. A keyword co-occurrence analysis revealed four central research themes: Child Development and Support Systems, Early Identification and Intervention, Prevalence and Etiology, and Mental Health. The pandemic’s onset has prioritized research areas like mental health, telehealth, and service accessibility.DiscussionRecommendations on a global level stress the importance of developing timely biological markers for ASD, amplifying Disability Inclusion research, and personalizing mental health services to bridge these critical service gaps. These strategies, underpinned by interdisciplinary collaboration and telehealth innovation, particularly in low-resource settings, can offer a roadmap for inclusive, context-sensitive interventions at local levels that directly support SDG3’s aim for health and well-being for all.

History

Journal

Frontiers in Psychiatry

Volume

14

Pagination

1294254-

Location

Switzerland

ISSN

1664-0640

eISSN

1664-0640

Language

eng

Publisher

Frontiers Media SA