Deakin University
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Mapping inequalities in exclusive breastfeeding in low- and middle-income countries, 2000–2018

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-08-01, 00:00 authored by N V Bhattacharjee, L E Schaeffer, S I Hay, D Lu, M F Schipp, A Lazzar-Atwood, K M Donkers, G G Abady, F Abd-Allah, A Abdelalim, Z H Abebo, A N Abejie, A E Abosetugn, L G Abreu, M R M Abrigo, E Abu-Gharbieh, A I Abushouk, A L Adamu, I A Adedeji, A E Adegbosin, V Adekanmbi, O O Adetokunboh, M Agudelo-Botero, B Aji, O O Akinyemi, A A Alamneh, F M Alanezi, T M Alanzi, J Albright, J E Alcalde-Rabanal, B W Alemu, R K Alhassan, B A Ali, S Ali, C Alinia, V Alipour, A M L Amit, D A Amugsi, E W Anbesu, R Ancuceanu, M Anjomshoa, F Ansari, C A T Antonio, D Anvari, J Arabloo, A Arora, K D Artanti, M A Asemahagn, W N Asmare, M M W Atout, M Ausloos, N Awoke, B P A Quintanilla, M A Ayanore, Y A Aynalem, M A Ayza, Z N Azene, B B Darshan, A D Badiye, A A Baig, S M Bakkannavar, M Banach, P C Banik, T W Bärnighausen, H Basaleem, M Bayati, B A Baye, N Bedi, S A Belay, A S Bhagavathula, D Bhandari, N Bhardwaj, P Bhardwaj, Z A Bhutta, A Bijani, T A Birhan, B M Birihane, Z W Bitew, S Bohlouli, M Bohluli, H A Bojia, A Boloor, O J Brady, N L Bragazzi, A R Brunoni, S S Budhathoki, S B Nagaraja, Z A Butt, R Cárdenas, J M Castaldelli-Maia, F Castro, A Cernigliaro, J Charan, P Chatterjee, S Chatterjee, V K Chattu, S Chaturvedi, M A K Chowdhury, D T Chu, M L Collison
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF)—giving infants only breast-milk for the first 6 months of life—is a component of optimal breastfeeding practices effective in preventing child morbidity and mortality. EBF practices are known to vary by population and comparable subnational estimates of prevalence and progress across low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are required for planning policy and interventions. Here we present a geospatial analysis of EBF prevalence estimates from 2000 to 2018 across 94 LMICs mapped to policy-relevant administrative units (for example, districts), quantify subnational inequalities and their changes over time, and estimate probabilities of meeting the World Health Organization’s Global Nutrition Target (WHO GNT) of ≥70% EBF prevalence by 2030. While six LMICs are projected to meet the WHO GNT of ≥70% EBF prevalence at a national scale, only three are predicted to meet the target in all their district-level units by 2030



Nature Human Behaviour




1027 - 1045


Nature Publishing Group


London, Eng.





Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal