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Measuring Food Insecurity in India: A Systematic Review of the Current Evidence

Version 3 2024-06-19, 06:54
Version 2 2024-06-02, 15:16
Version 1 2023-04-26, 01:27
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-19, 06:54 authored by Fiona McKayFiona McKay, Alice Sims, Paige van der PligtPaige van der Pligt
Abstract Purpose of Review India is home to an estimated 200 million malnourished people, suggesting widespread food insecurity. However, variations in the methods used for determining food insecurity status mean there is uncertainty in the data and severity of food insecurity across the country. This systematic review investigated the peer-reviewed literature examining food insecurity in India to identify both the breadth of research being conducted as well as the instruments used and the populations under study. Recent Findings Nine databases were searched in March 2020. After excluding articles that did not meet the inclusion criteria, 53 articles were reviewed. The most common tool for measuring food insecurity was the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS), followed by the Household Food Security Survey Module (HFSSM), and the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES). Reported food insecurity ranged from 8.7 to 99% depending on the measurement tool and population under investigation. This study found variations in methods for the assessment of food insecurity in India and the reliance on cross-sectional studies. Summary Based on the findings of this review and the size and diversity of the Indian population, there is an opportunity for the development and implementation of an Indian-specific food security measure to allow researchers to collect better data on food insecurity. Considering India’s widespread malnutrition and high prevalence of food insecurity, the development of such a tool will go part of way in addressing nutrition-related public health in India.

History

Journal

Current Nutrition Reports

Volume

12

Pagination

358-367

Location

Berlin, Germany

ISSN

2161-3311

eISSN

2161-3311

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Publisher

Springer

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