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Mechanically activated carbothermic reduction of ilmenite
journal contributionposted on 01.05.1997, 00:00 authored by Ying (Ian) ChenYing (Ian) Chen, T Hwang, M Marsh, J S Williams
A systematic study of the effect of milling conditions on the low-temperature carbothermic reduction of the mineral ilmenite has been carried out. It was found that after ball milling of an ilmenite-carbon mixture at room temperature, the ilmenite was reduced to rutile and metallic iron during subsequent low-temperature annealing (760°C for 30 minutes). A longer milling time results in a lower reduction temperature and a higher reduction rate. Higher milling intensity also leads to a lower reduction temperature. This enhanced reduction reaction induced by ball milling mainly results from the intimate mixing and large contact area between milled ilmenite and carbon particles.