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Mechanism of nitric oxide regulation of vascular tone in the mesenteric arteries of the cane toad, Bufo marinus
journal contributionposted on 2007-01-01, 00:00 authored by Brett Jennings, John DonaldJohn Donald
Nitric oxide control of large systemic blood vessels of the cane toad, Bufo marinus is provided by nitrergic nerves. However, the involvement of nitrergic nerves in the regulation of small blood vessels has yet to be determined. This study investigated the nitric oxide (NO) control of the mesenteric arteries (MA) of B. marinus. Immunohistochemistry and NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry demonstrated a dense plexus of nitrergic nerves in the MA of B. marinus. MAs (~ 500–700µm in diameter) were mounted in a myograph and placed under an initial tension equivalent to their normal diameter. MAs were pre-constricted with the thromboxane A2 mimetic, U46619, prior to the addition of putative, vasodilatory chemicals. Acetylcholine caused a vasodilation that was endothelium-independent, because removal of the endothelium had no effect on the dilation. The response to acetylcholine was blocked by the NOS inhibitor, L-NNA, demonstrating that the effect was NO-dependent. Interestingly, nicotine also caused a dilation that was not affected by removal of the endothelium, but was significantly inhibited by L-NNA and the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonist, CGRP(8–37). These findings indicate that the MA of B. marinus are controlled by NO released from nitrergic nerves. In addition, a component of the response to applied nicotine appears to be mediated CGRP, which is probably released from sensory nerves.