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Mechanisms involved in the renal responses to intravenous and renal artery infusions of noradrenaline in conscious dogs

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journal contribution
posted on 1981-12-01, 00:00 authored by W Anderson, P Korner, Steve SeligSteve Selig
1. The renal haemodynamic and glomerular filtration rate (G.F.R.) responses to intravenous and intrarenal infusions of noradrenaline were studied in conscious dogs, either with or without prior blockade of angiotensin II formation with teprotide.

2. Infusion noradrenaline by either route resulted in dose-related rises in plasma renin activity.

3. Pretreatment with teprotide reduced the rise in mean arterial pressure and abolished the rise in G.F.R. seen during intravenous infusions of noradrenaline (0.1, 0.2 and 0.4 microgram/kg . min). Noradrenaline also reduced filtration fraction more after teprotide pretreatment.

4. Renal blood flow rose and renal vascular resistance fell in response to I.V. noradrenaline infusions. This renal vasodilatation was unaffected by pretreatment of the dogs with teprotide, indomethacin or DL-propranolol. However after pentolinium pretreatment, I.V. noradrenaline infusion caused a dose-related renal vasoconstriction.

5. Infusion of noradrenaline into the renal artery (0.02, 0.05 and 0.1 microgram/kg . min) resulted in rises in mean arterial pressure and G.F.R. which were abolished by teprotide pretreatment. Filtration fraction rose when noradrenaline was administered alone but fell when it was infused after teprotide treatment.

6. Thus angiotensin II formed as the result of increased renin release acted to maintain G.F.R. and filtration fraction during noradrenaline infusion. In addition, I.V. noradrenaline infusions in conscious dogs caused reflex vasodilatation of the renal vasculature.

History

Journal

Journal of physiology

Volume

321

Pagination

21 - 30

Location

London, England

Open access

  • Yes

ISSN

0022-3751

eISSN

1469-7793

Language

eng

Notes

Reproduced with the kind permission of the copyright owner.

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

1981, Cambridge University Press

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