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Mechanistic and kinetic study of the hydrothermal treatment of paunch waste

journal contribution
posted on 2022-09-29, 05:42 authored by M Hedayati Marzbali, A Saberi, Pobitra HalderPobitra Halder, J Paz-Ferreiro, S Dasappa, K Shah
Hydrothermal carbonization of paunch waste, the main wet waste generated at abattoirs, was investigated in batch mode. A mass loss of 58% was achieved at 240 °C in a flash experiment, whereas prolonging the reaction to 4 h increased it to 79%, indicating the ability of a hydrothermal medium for managing this wet waste. XRD analysis suggested that the amorphous portion of paunch waste was readily hydrolysed, whereas crystalline cellulose I was retained. Longer holding time partially destroyed the formed porous structure and halved the BET surface area from 68.1 to 37 m2 g−1. Aromatic, cyclic, and phenolic compounds were found in light bio-oil, while heavy bio-oil contained long-chain fatty acids derivatives. A reaction network was suggested containing 12 reaction pathways during the process, and lumped kinetic modelling was performed reasonably accurately. The techno-economic analysis also revealed that with a solids content of 3 wt.%, only processing time as short as 5 min can promise a positive net present value of $8.3 million, while longer residence times led to negative values.

History

Journal

Chemical Engineering Research and Design

Volume

177

Pagination

541 - 553

ISSN

0263-8762