File(s) under permanent embargo
Mediator effects of parameters of inflammation and neurogenesis from a N-acetyl cysteine clinical-trial for bipolar depression
journal contributionposted on 2018-12-01, 00:00 authored by Bruna Panizzutti, Chiara Bortolasci, Kyoko Hasebe, Srisaiyini Kidnapillai, Laura GrayLaura Gray, Ken WalderKen Walder, Michael BerkMichael Berk, Mohammadreza MohebbiMohammadreza Mohebbi, Seetal DoddSeetal Dodd, Clarissa Gama, Pedro V Magalhães, Susan M Cotton, Flávio Kapczinski, Ashley I Bush, Gin S Malhi, Olivia DeanOlivia Dean
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore effects of adjunctive treatment with N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) on markers of inflammation and neurogenesis in bipolar depression. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a placebo-controlled randomised trial. Serum samples were collected at baseline, week 8, and week 32 of the open-label and maintenance phases of the clinical trial to determine changes in interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, IL-10, tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), C-reactive protein (CRP) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) following adjunctive NAC treatment, and to explore mediation and moderator effects of the listed markers. RESULTS: Levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukins (IL) -6, 8, or 10 were not significantly changed during the course of the trial or specifically in the open-label and maintenance phases. There were no mediation or moderation effects of the biological factors on the clinical parameters. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that these particular biological parameters may not be directly involved in the therapeutic mechanism of action of adjunctive NAC in bipolar depression.