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Meta‐Analysis Reveals Gait Anomalies in Autism

journal contribution
posted on 01.12.2020, 00:00 authored by Jarrad LumJarrad Lum, Kerrie Shandley, Natalia Albein‐Urios, Melissa KirkovskiMelissa Kirkovski, Nicole Papadopoulos, Rujuta B Wilson, Peter EnticottPeter Enticott, Nicole Rinehart
Gait abnormalities are frequently reported in autism. The empirical literature, however, is characterized by inconsistent findings concerning which aspects of gait are affected. We conducted a meta‐analysis to summarize study findings that examined temporal and spatial (i.e., two‐dimensional) gait parameters in pediatric and adult samples comprising individuals with autism and healthy controls. After searching electronic databases, a total of 18 studies were identified and included in this review. Results from the meta‐analyses revealed autism is associated with a wider step width, slower walking speed, longer gait cycle, longer stance time and longer step time. Additionally, autism appears to be associated with greater intra‐individual variability on measures of stride length, stride time and walking speed. Meta‐regression analyses revealed cadence and gait cycle duration differences, between autism and control groups, become more pronounced with age. Overall, this review demonstrates that autism is associated with gait abnormalities. However, assessment of the methodological quality of the studies reveal, additional research is required to understand the extent that gait abnormalities are specifically linked to autism, or whether they may be secondary to other factors commonly found in this group, such as increased weight.

History

Journal

Autism Research

Volume

Early View

Issue

Online Version of Record before inclusion in an issue

Article number

aur.2443

Publisher

John Wiley & Sons

Location

Hoboken. N.J.

ISSN

1939-3792

eISSN

1939-3806

Language

en

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2020, International Society for Autism Research and Wiley Periodicals LLC