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Microfluidic array chip for parallel detection of waterborne bacteria

journal contribution
posted on 2022-09-30, 01:59 authored by L Gorgannezhad, K R Sreejith, Jun ZhangJun Zhang, G Kijanka, M Christie, H Stratton, N T Nguyen
The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a robust technique used to make multiple copies of a segment of DNA. However, the available PCR platforms require elaborate and time-consuming operations or costly instruments, hindering their application. Herein, we introduce a sandwiched glass-polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)-glass microchip containing an array of reactors for the real-time PCR-based detection of multiple waterborne bacteria. The PCR solution was loaded into the array of reactors in a single step utilising capillary filling, eliminating the need for pumps, valves, and liquid handling instruments. Issues of generating and trapping bubbles during the loading chip step were addressed by creating smooth internal reactor surfaces. Triton X-100 was used to enhance PCR compatibility in the chip by minimising the nonspecific adsorption of enzymes. A custom-made real-time PCR instrument was also fabricated to provide thermal cycling to the array chip. The microfluidic device was successfully demonstrated for microbial faecal source tracking (MST) in water.

History

Journal

Micromachines

Volume

10

Issue

12

eISSN

2072-666X