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Microsatellite variation in the yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella : population structure of a declining farmland bird

journal contribution
posted on 2001-07-01, 00:00 authored by Patricia LeePatricia Lee, R Bradbury, J Wilson, N Flanagan, L Richardson, A Perkins, J Krebs
In recent years, there has been much concern in the UK about population declines of widespread species in agricultural habitats. Conservation-orientated research on declining birds has focused on vital rates of survival and productivity. However, the environmental factors which may influence movements between populations of widespread species is poorly understood. Population genetic structure is an indirect description of dispersal between groups of individuals. To attempt to develop an understanding of genetic structuring in a widespread, but declining, farmland bird, we therefore investigated the yellowhammer, Emberiza citrinella, population in England and Wales using microsatellite data. Our first aim was to investigate whether there was genetic substructuring in the population. A second aim was to investigate if there was a relationship between genetic distances and various environmental variables. Finally, we analysed the microsatellite data for evidence of loss of genetic variation due to population decline. Our data showed a slight but significant structure within the yellowhammer population. This therefore cannot be considered a panmictic population. Our example from South Cumbria implies that high-altitude barriers may have a slight influence on population structure. However, on the whole, genetic distances between sample sites were not significantly correlated with geographical distances, degrees of population connectivity, high altitudes, or differences in precipitation between sites. Finally, we detected departures from mutation-drift equilibrium (excess heterozygosity), which is indicative of a loss of genetic variation through recent decline.

History

Journal

Molecular ecology

Volume

10

Issue

7

Pagination

1633 - 1644

Publisher

Wiley

Location

London, England

ISSN

0962-1083

eISSN

1365-294X

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2001, Wiley