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Mixed Surface Chemistry on Carbon Fibers to Promote Adhesion in Epoxy and PMMA Polymers
journal contributionposted on 2022-09-29, 06:11 authored by James Randall, D J Eyckens, E Sarlin, S Palola, G G Andersson, Y Yin, Filip Stojcevski, Luke HendersonLuke Henderson
Carbon fibers were surface modified using mixed grafting solutions of methyl methacrylate and glycidyl (epoxy) methacrylate in ratios of 0:100; 25:75; 50:50; 75:25; and 100:0, respectively. When evaluated in an epoxy resin, all modified fibers showed significant improvement in fiber-to-matrix adhesion. Notably, the surface-grafted polymer with blends of methyl methacrylate:glycidyl methacrylate of 0:100 and 25:75, respectively, showed a >200% improvement in adhesion relative to control fibers. When evaluated in PMMA, again significant adhesion improvements were observed, though fibers grafted with ≥25% methyl methacrylate were statistically indistinguishable. This shows that by correctly tuning the surface chemistry an optimal covalent sizing can be developed for thermoplastic and thermoset resins. As an additional benefit, a significant improvement in the treated fiber's tensile strength and modulus was also observed.