Deakin University
Browse

File(s) under embargo

Modeling clinical malaria episodes in different ecological settings in Mali, 2018-2022

journal contribution
posted on 2023-12-19, 04:23 authored by F Kane, M Toure, N Sogoba, B Traore, M Keita, D Konate, SI Diawara, D Sanogo, S Keita, I Sanogo, CO Doumbia, B Keïta, AS Traoré, I Sissoko, H Coulibaly, SMB Thiam, Alyssa BarryAlyssa Barry, JG Shaffer, M Diakite, S Doumbia
Objectives: Following the scaling-up of malaria control strategies in Mali, understanding the changes in age-specific prevalence of infection and risk factors associated with remains necessary to determine new priorities to progress toward disease elimination. This study aimed to estimate the risk of clinical malaria using longitudinal data across three different transmission settings in Mali. Methods: Cohort-based longitudinal studies were performed from April 2018 to December 2022. Incidence of malaria was measured through community health center-based passive case detection. Generalized estimation equation model was used to assess risk factors for clinical malaria. Results: A total of 21,453 clinical presentations were reported from 4500 participants, mainly from July to November. Data shows a significant association between malaria episodes, sex, age group, season, and year. Women had lower risk, the risk of clinical episode increased with age up to 14 years then declined, and in both sites, the dry-season risk of clinical episode was significantly lower compared to the rainy season. Conclusion: Determining factors associated with the occurrence of clinical malaria across different ecological settings across the country could help in the development of new strategies aiming to accelerate malaria elimination in an area where malaria transmission remains intense.

History

Journal

IJID Regions

Volume

10

Pagination

24-30

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

2772-7076

eISSN

2772-7076

Language

en

Publisher

Elsevier BV