Deakin University

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Modelling the Long-Term Health Outcome and Costs of Thrombectomy in Treating Stroke Patients with Large Ischaemic Core: Comparison between Clinical Trials and Real-World Data

journal contribution
posted on 2023-02-20, 03:42 authored by Lan GaoLan Gao, Marj MoodieMarj Moodie, C Levi, L Lin, X Cheng, T Kleinig, K Butcher, B Yan, A Bivard, M Parsons
Introduction: We aimed to assess the long-term health outcomes and costs of endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) using clinical trials and real-world evidence in patients with large ischaemic core. Methods: Both clinical trials and the INternational Stroke Perfusion Imaging REgistry (INSPIRE) were used. Patients with acute computed tomography perfusion scan with an ischaemic core of ≥70 mL were included. A Markov model was constructed to simulate the long-term costs and health outcomes (quality-adjusted life year) post-index stroke. Effectiveness of EVT (modified Rankin scale score at 3 months) was derived from the trials and INSPIRE registry (compared to matched patients not treated with EVT), respectively. Results: Based on the trial and real-world data, the overall results revealed varied health benefits and costs due to EVT, with reduced health benefits and increased costs from EVT treatment in everyday practice. The long-term simulation estimated that offering EVT to large vessel occlusion stroke patients with large ischaemic core was associated with greater benefits (1.12 vs. 0.25 quality-adjusted life year gains) and lower (-A$19,320) or higher costs (A$11,278), using trial and real-world data, respectively. The incremental cost of the EVT procedure (i.e., A$14,356) could be primarily offset to a different extent by the reduction in costs related to the nursing home care (-$31,986 vs. -A$1,874) in the clinical trial and real-world practice. Conclusions: Our results highlight the potential gaps when implementing an effective intervention in the real world and the importance of the rigorous selection of large infarct core patients for EVT.



Cerebrovascular Diseases









Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal