Deakin University

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Molecular characterization and analysis of a truncated serotonin receptor gene expressed in neural and reproductive tissues of abalone

journal contribution
posted on 2009-05-01, 00:00 authored by S Panasophonkul, S Apisawetakan, S Cummins, P York, B Degnan, Peter Hanna, P Saitongdee, P Sobhon, P Sretarugsa
In molluscs, the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) has been linked to a variety of biological roles including gamete maturation and spawning. The possible involvement of 5-HT in abalone gamete release was demonstrated by a dose-dependent increase in Haliotis rubra gonad contractile bioactivity following 5-HT stimulation. Physiological functions associated with 5-HT, are mediated through binding to 5-HT receptors. A cDNA encoding a putative 5-HT receptor consisting of 359 amino acids was isolated from the tropical abalone H. asinina, termed 5-HT1 ha. The 5-HT1 ha shares G-protein-coupled receptor motifs with metazoan 5-HT receptors, including predicted transmembrane domains, active sites for protein kinase action, and N-linked glycosylation sites. However, the third intracellular loop of 5-HT1 ha is relatively short, and only six transmembrane domains are predicted, implying a truncated receptor. Phylogenetic analysis with known 5-HT receptor genes suggests that 5-HT1 ha belongs to the type 1 5-HT receptor family. Expression analysis by RT-PCR showed that 5-HT1 ha  mRNA was present in all tissues examined, including the neural ganglia and gonad tissues. Immunocytochemistry revealed the presence of 5-HT1 ha specifically within the soma of neuronal cells located in the outer cortex of both cerebral and pleuropedal ganglia. In ovarian and testicular tissues, 5-HT1 ha immunoreactivity was observed in epithelial cells of the outer capsule and connective tissue of the trabeculae to which the gamete follicles adhere. Whether this receptor transcript is translated to a functional protein needs to be verified, but if so, it could play a role in reproduction.



Histochemistry and Cell Biology




629 - 642




Heidelberg, Germany







Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2009, Springer-Verlag