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More limbs on the tree: mitogenome characterisation and systematic position of 'living fossil' species Neoglyphea inopinata and Laurentaeglyphea neocaledonica (Decapoda : Glypheidea : Glypheidae)
journal contributionposted on 2018-04-04, 00:00 authored by Mun Hua Tan, Han Ming Gan, G Dally, S Horner, P A Rodríguez Moreno, S Rahman, Chris AustinChris Austin
© 2018 CSIRO. Glypheids first appeared in the Lower Triassic period and were believed to be extinct until specimens of Neoglyphea inopinata Forest & Saint Laurent and Laurentaeglyphea neocaledonica Richer de Forges were described in 1975 and 2006, respectively. The finding of extant species has meant that molecular data can now be used to complement morphological and fossil-based studies to investigate the relationships of Glypheidea within the Decapoda. However, despite several molecular studies, the placement of this infraorder within the decapod phylogenetic tree is not resolved. One limitation is that molecular resources available for glypheids have been limited to a few nuclear and mitochondrial gene fragments. Many of the more recent large-scale studies of decapod phylogeny have used information from complete mitogenomes, but have excluded the infraorder Glypheidea due to the unavailability of complete mitogenome sequences. Using next-generation sequencing, we successfully sequenced and assembled complete mitogenome sequences from museum specimens of N. inopinata and L. neocaledonica, the only two extant species of glypheids. With these sequences, we constructed the first decapod phylogenetic tree based on whole mitogenome sequences that includes Glypheidea as one of 10 decapod infraorders positioned within the suborder Pleocyemata. From this, the Glypheidea appears to be a relatively derived lineage related to the Polychelida and Astacidea. Also in our study, we conducted a survey on currently available decapod mitogenome resources available on National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) and identified infraorders that would benefit from more strategic and expanded taxonomic sampling.