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Motor performance, body fatness and environmental factors in preschool children

journal contribution
posted on 01.01.2018, 00:00 authored by A M Antunes, D L Freitas, J Maia, D Hedeker, ÉR Gouveia, M Thomis, J Lefevre, Lisa BarnettLisa Barnett
The first aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between motor performance and body fatness among 3- to 5-year-old children. The second aim was to assess whether this relationship works similarly for boys and girls. We also investigated whether socioeconomic status (SES) and geographical area when children are aged 3 years old predicts the motor performance of 4 and 5-yr-old children. Motor performance was assessed through the Preschool Test Battery, while body fatness was estimated through body mass index (BMI). SES and geographical area were assessed via parent proxy-report questionnaires. BMI was negatively associated with standing long jump. The association of BMI and motor performance was not statistically different for boys and girls. Children from low SES performed better than high SES peers in tennis ball throw for distance. Rural children were better performers than urban peers in standing long jump. Rural area at baseline was also predictor of standing long jump and tennis ball throw for distance at time 1 and 2. In conclusion, BMI had a negative association with standing long jump and the relationship of BMI with all motor tests was similar for boys and girls. SES and rural area were predictors of motor performance.

History

Journal

Journal of sports sciences

Volume

36

Issue

20

Pagination

2289 - 2295

Publisher

Taylor & Francis

Location

Abingdon, Eng.

ISSN

0264-0414

eISSN

1466-447X

Language

eng

Notes

In press

Publication classification

C Journal article; C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2018, Informa UK Limited