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Mucosal vascular addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 is expressed outside the endothelial lineage on fibroblasts and melanoma cells

journal contribution
posted on 2003-08-01, 00:00 authored by E Leung, Rupinder Kanwar, Jagat Kanwar, G Krissansen
Mucosal vascular addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1) is predominantly expressed on high endothelial venules in inflamed tissues where it assists with leucocyte extravasation. Here we report that MAdCAM-1 has the potential to be more widely expressed outside the endothelial cell lineage than previously appreciated. Thus, MAdCAM-1 RNA transcripts and cell-surface protein were expressed by NIH 3T3 fibroblasts following activation with tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and by freshly isolated and cultured primary mouse splenic and tail fibroblasts in the absence of TNF-alpha stimulation. They were constitutively expressed by B16F10 melanoma cells, and expression was enhanced by cell activation with TNF-alpha. Mucosal vascular addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 was expressed on the apical surface of isolated cells, but became predominantly localized to cell junctions in confluent cell monolayers, suggesting it may play a role in the homotypic aggregation of cells. Tumour necrosis factor-alpha enhanced the expression of a firefly luciferase reporter directed by the MAdCAM-1 promoter in NIH 3T3 and B16F10 cells. A DNA fragment extending from nt -1727 to -673 was sufficient to confer cell-type selective expression. Mucosal vascular addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 expressed by NIH 3T3 cells was biologically active, as it supported the adhesion of TK-1 T cells in an alpha4beta7-dependent fashion. The expression of MAdCAM-1 by fibroblasts, and melanomas suggests MAdCAM-1 may play a role in regulating host responses in the periphery, leucocyte transmigration across nonendothelial boundaries, or the homotypic interactions of some malignant melanomas.

History

Journal

Immunology and cell biology

Volume

81

Issue

4

Pagination

320 - 327

Publisher

Nature Publishing Group

Location

Basingstoke, England

ISSN

0818-9641

eISSN

1440-1711

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2003, Ebsco Publishing

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