Deakin University
muthalib-musicimprovesverbal-2013.pdf (1.26 MB)

Music improves verbal memory encoding while decreasing prefrontal cortex activity: an fNIRS study

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journal contribution
posted on 2013-11-01, 00:00 authored by L Ferreri, J-J Aucouturier, M Muthalib, E Bigand, A Bugaiska
Listening to music engages the whole brain, thus stimulating cognitive performance in a range of non-purely musical activities such as language and memory tasks. This article addresses an ongoing debate on the link between music and memory for words. While evidence on healthy and clinical populations suggests that music listening can improve verbal memory in a variety of situations, it is still unclear what specific memory process is affected and how. This study was designed to explore the hypothesis that music specifically benefits the encoding part of verbal memory tasks, by providing a richer context for encoding and therefore less demand on the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). Twenty-two healthy young adults were subjected to functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) imaging of their bilateral DLPFC while encoding words in the presence of either a music or a silent background. Behavioral data confirmed the facilitating effect of music background during encoding on subsequent item recognition. fNIRS results revealed significantly greater activation of the left hemisphere during encoding (in line with the HERA model of memory lateralization) and a sustained, bilateral decrease of activity in the DLPFC in the music condition compared to silence. These findings suggest that music modulates the role played by the DLPFC during verbal encoding, and open perspectives for applications to clinical populations with prefrontal impairments, such as elderly adults or Alzheimer's patients.



Frontiers in human neuroscience



Article number





Lausanne, Switzerland





Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal, C Journal article

Copyright notice

2013, Ferreri, Aucouturier, Muthalib, Bigand and Bugaiska


Frontiers Research Foundation