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Mutation profile of differentiated thyroid tumours in an Australian urban population
journal contributionposted on 2022-11-01, 22:43 authored by M Mond, M Alexiadis, P J Fuller, Chris Gilfillan
Background: The majority of differentiated thyroid cancers are characterised by one of several point mutations or gene rearrangements. Limited data are available on the prevalence and clinical correlations of these mutations in the Australian population. Aims: The aim of the present study was to characterise the mutation profile of differentiated thyroid tumours in the local population. Methods: The study involved 148 patients with differentiated thyroid cancer. The following tumours were examined: 109 papillary carcinomas (PTC), 27 follicular carcinomas (FC) and 12 Hurthle cell carcinomas (HCC). Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed for BRAF and RAS mutations (RNA and DNA) as well as for RET/PTC rearrangements and PAX8-PPARγ translocations (RNA). Clinicopathological parameters and outcome data were analysed according to BRAFV600E status in PTC and RAS mutation status in FC. Results: BRAFV600E was identified in 74/109 (68%) PTC. BRAFV600E was not significantly correlated with clinicopathological features of aggressive disease. At a median follow up of 48 months, there was no significant difference between BRAFV600E and wild-type BRAF PTC with respect to the rates of nodal recurrence, distant metastases or disease-specific death. In FC, RAS mutations (five NRAS and three HRAS) were present in 8/27 (30%) tumours. RAS mutation was significantly associated with widely invasive histology (P = 0.01) and distant metastases (P = 0.01) on follow up. Conclusion: In the present study, BRAF mutation was not associated with negative prognostic indicators or adverse outcomes in PTC. RAS mutation was positively correlated with aggressive features in FC suggesting potential prognostic utility, although confirmation is required from larger studies. © 2014 Royal Australasian College of Physicians.