Network Mapping of Time to Antithrombotic Therapy Among Patients With Ischemic Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)
journal contributionposted on 2021-06-07, 00:00 authored by T G Phan, Ben ClissoldBen Clissold, S Singhal, J V Ly, A Lim, J Vuong, S Ho, C Matley, T Kooblal, H Ma
Background: There is emphasis on timely administration of thrombolysis and clot retrieval but not antithrombotic therapy within 48 h for ischemic stroke (frequency of 64% in Australia and 97% in North America). We planned to assess the time metrics and variables associated with delaying antithrombotics (antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapy) administration.Methods: This was a retrospective study at Monash Health over 12 months in 2015. We plotted the cumulative event and mapped the key drivers (dimensionless variable Shapley value/SV) of antithrombotics.Results: There were 42 patients with transient ischemic attack/TIA and 483 with ischemic stroke [mean age was 71.8 ± 15.4; 56.0% male; nil by mouth (NBM) 74.5 and 49.3% of patients received “stat” (immediate and one off) dose antithrombotics]. The median time to imaging for the patients who did not have stroke code activated was 2.3 h (IQR 1.4–3.7), from imaging to dysphagia screen was 14.6 h (IQR 6.2–20.3), and from stopping NBM to antithrombotics was 1.7 h (IQR 0–16.5). TIA patients received antithrombotics earlier than those with ischemic stroke (90.5 vs. 86.5%, p = 0.01). Significant variables in regression analysis for time to antithrombotics were time to dysphagia screen (β 0.20 ± 0.03, SV = 3.2), nasogastric tube (β 19.8 ± 5.9, SV = −0.20), Alteplase (β 8.6 ± 3.6, SV = −1.9), stat dose antithrombotic (β −18.9 ± 2.9, SV = −10.8) and stroke code (β −5.9 ± 2.5, SV = 2.8). The partial correlation network showed that the time to antithrombotics increased with delay in dysphagia screen (coefficient = 0.33) and decreased if “stat” dose of antithrombotics was given (coefficient = −0.32).Conclusion: The proportion of patients receiving antithrombotics within 48 h was higher than previously reported in Australia but remained lower than the standard achieved in North American hospitals. Our process map and network analysis show avenues to shorten the time to antithrombotic.