Deakin University

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Neurological Health: Not Merely the Absence of Disease: Current Wellbeing Instruments Across the Spectrum of Neurology

journal contribution
posted on 2023-02-09, 05:07 authored by B Ziegeler, W D’ Souza, A Vinton, S Mulukutla, Cameron ShawCameron Shaw, R Carne
Objective. Well-being and quality of life can vary independently of disease. Instruments measuring well-being and quality of life are commonly used in neurology, but there has been little investigation into the extent in which they accurately measure wellbeing/quality of life or if they merely reflect a diseased state of an individual. Design. Systematic searches, thematic analysis and narrative synthesis were undertaken. Individual items from instruments represented in ≥ 5 publications were categorised independently, without prior training, by five neurologists and one well-being researcher, as relating to ‘disease-effect’ or ‘Well-being’ with a study-created instrument. Items were additionally categorised into well-being domains. Data sources. MEDLINE, EMBASE, EMCARE and PsycINFO from 1990 to 2020 were performed, across the 13 most prevalent neurological diseases. Results. 301 unique instruments were identified. Multiple sclerosis had most unique instruments at 92. SF-36 was used most, in 66 studies. 22 instruments appeared in ≥ 5 publications: 19/22 ‘well-being’ outcome instruments predominantly measured disease effect (Fleiss kappa =.60). Only 1/22 instruments was categorised unanimously as relating to well-being. Instruments predominantly measured mental, physical and activity domains, over social or spiritual. Conclusions. Most neurological well-being or quality-of-life instruments predominantly measure disease effect, rather than disease-independent well-being. Instruments differed widely in well-being domains examined.



American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine