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Neurotoxin domoic acid produces cytotoxicity via kainate- and AMPA-sensitive receptors in cultured cortical neurones

journal contribution
posted on 1997-11-01, 00:00 authored by J A Larm, P M Beart, Steve Cheung
Domoic acid, a naturally occurring kainoid, has been responsible for several outbreaks of fatal poisoning after shellfish ingestion, and we examined its neurotoxic mechanism in cultured murine cortical neurones. Using observations of neuronal viability and morphology, exposure to domoic acid for 24 h was found to induce substantial concentration-dependent neuronal cell death. Domoic acid-mediated neuronal death was attenuated by the non-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist 6-cyano-7-nitro-quinoxaline-2,3-dione and the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionate (AMPA) receptor-selective antagonist LY293558 ((3S,4aR,6R,8aR)-6-[2-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-ethyl]-1,2,3, 4,4a,5,6,7,8,8a-decahydroisoquinoline-3-carboxylic acid), but unaffected by NS-102 (5-nitro-6,7,8,9-tetrahydrobenzo[g]indole-2, 3-dione-3-oxime)--a low-affinity kainate receptor antagonist. Domoic acid was equipotent with (S)-AMPA (EC50 values 3.8 and 3.4 microM respectively); however, (S)-AMPA induced only 50% cell death compared to > 80% cell death induced by domoic acid. Kainate also killed > 80% of cortical neurones; however, domoic acid was about 19 times more potent than kainate (EC50 75 microM). We show the potent neurotoxicity of domoic acid for the first time in a pure neuronal model and indicate that domoic acid acts via high-affinity AMPA- and kainate-sensitive glutamate receptors to produce excitotoxic cell death.

History

Journal

Neurochem international

Volume

31

Issue

5

Pagination

677 - 682

Publisher

Elsevier

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

0197-0186

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

1997, Elsevier Science

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