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Neutrophil and monocyte bactericidal responses to 10 weeks of low-volume high-intensity interval or moderate-intensity continuous training in sedentary adults

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-01-01, 00:00 authored by D B Bartlett, S O Shepherd, O J Wilson, A M Adlan, A J M Wagenmakers, Chris ShawChris Shaw, J M Lord
Neutrophils and monocytes are key components of the innate immune system that undergo age-associated declines in function. This study compared the impact of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on immune function in sedentary adults. Twenty-seven (43 ± 11 years) healthy sedentary adults were randomized into ten weeks of either a HIIT ( > 90% maximum heart rate) or MICT (70% maximum heart rate) group training program. Aerobic capacity (VO 2peak ), neutrophil and monocyte bacterial phagocytosis and oxidative burst, cell surface receptor expression, and systemic inflammation were measured before and after the training. Total exercise time commitment was 57% less for HIIT compared to that for MICT while both significantly improved VO 2peak similarly. Neutrophil phagocytosis and oxidative burst and monocyte phagocytosis and percentage of monocytes producing an oxidative burst were improved by training similarly in both groups. Expression of monocyte but not neutrophil CD16, TLR2, and TLR4 was reduced by training similarly in both groups. No differences in systemic inflammation were observed for training; however, leptin was reduced in the MICT group only. With similar immune-enhancing effects for HIIT compared to those for MICT at 50% of the time commitment, our results support HIIT as a time efficient exercise option to improve neutrophil and monocyte function.

History

Journal

Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity

Volume

2017

Article number

8148742

Pagination

1 - 12

Publisher

Hindawi Publishing Corporation

Location

Cairo, Egypt

ISSN

1942-0900

eISSN

1942-0994

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article; C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2017, David B. Bartlett et al.