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New gene targets of PGC-1α and ERRα co-regulation in C2C12 myotubes

journal contribution
posted on 01.12.2014, 00:00 authored by A Nsiah-Sefaa, Erin Brown, Aaron RussellAaron Russell, Victoria Foletta
As a transcriptional coactivator, PGC-1α contributes to the regulation of a broad range of metabolic processes in skeletal muscle health and disease; however, there is limited information about the genes it transcriptionally regulates. To identify new potential gene targets of PGC-1α regulation, mouse C2C12 myotubes were screened by microarray analysis following PGC-1α overexpression. Genes with an mRNA expression of 2.5-fold or more (P < 0.001) were identified. From these, further genes were singled out if they had no previous connection to PGC-1α regulation or characterization in skeletal muscle, or were unannotated with no known function. Following confirmation of their regulation by PGC-1α using qPCR analysis, eight genes were focused on for further investigation (Akr1b10, Rmnd1, 1110008P14Rik, 1700021F05Rik, Mtfp1, Mrm1, Oxnad1 and Cluh). Bioinformatics indicated a number of the genes were linked to a range of metabolic-related functions including fatty acid oxidation, oxido-reductase activity, and mitochondrial remodeling and transport. Treating C2C12 myotubes for 6 h with AICAR, a known activator of AMP kinase and inducer of Pgc-1α gene expression, increased the mRNA levels of both Pgc-1α (P < 0.001) and of Mtfp1, Mrm1, Oxnad1 and Cluh (P < 0.05). Screening of the promoter and intron 1 regions also revealed all genes to contain either a consensus or near consensus response elements for the estrogen-related receptor α (ERRα), a key transcription factor-binding partner of PGC-1α in skeletal muscle. Furthermore, knockdown of endogenous ERRα levels partially or completely blocked the induction of gene expression of all genes by PGC-1α, while each gene was significantly upregulated in the presence of a constitutively active form of ERRα (P < 0.05) except for Akr1b10. These findings provide preliminary evidence for the novel regulation of these genes by PGC-1α and its signaling pathway in skeletal muscle.

History

Journal

Molecular Biology Reports

Volume

41

Issue

12

Pagination

8009 - 8017

ISSN

0301-4851

eISSN

1573-4978

Publication classification

C Journal article; C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2014, Springer Netherlands