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Nitrogen deposition in precipitation to a monsoon-affected eutrophic embayment: fluxes, sources, and processes
journal contributionposted on 2018-06-01, 00:00 authored by Y Wu, J Zhang, S Liu, Z Jiang, I Arbi, X Huang, Peter MacreadiePeter Macreadie
Daya Bay in the South China Sea (SCS) has experienced rapid nitrogen pollution and intensified eutrophication in the past decade due to economic development. Here, we estimated the deposition fluxes of nitrogenous species, clarified the contribution of nitrogen from precipitation and measured ions and isotopic composition (δ 15 N and δ 18 O) of nitrate in precipitation in one year period to trace its sources and formation processes among different seasons. We found that the deposition fluxes of total dissolved nitrogen (TDN), NO 3 − , NH 4 + , NO 2 − , and dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) to Daya Bay were 132.5, 64.4 17.5, 1.0, 49.6 mmol m −2 ∙yr −1 , respectively. DON was a significant contributor to nitrogen deposition (37% of TDN), and NO 3 − accounted for 78% of the DIN in precipitation. The nitrogen deposition fluxes were higher in spring and summer, and lower in winter. Nitrogen from precipitation contributed nearly 38% of the total input of nitrogen (point sources input and dry and wet deposition) in Daya Bay. The δ 15 N-NO 3 - abundance, ion compositions, and air mass backward trajectories implicated that coal combustion, vehicle exhausts, and dust from mainland China delivered by northeast monsoon were the main sources in winter, while fossil fuel combustion (coal combustion and vehicle exhausts) and dust from PRD and southeast Asia transported by southwest monsoon were the main sources in spring; marine sources, vehicle exhausts and lightning could be the potential sources in summer. δ 18 O results showed that OH pathway was dominant in the chemical formation process of nitrate in summer, while N 2 O 5 + DMS/HC pathways in winter and spring.